## Mapping the Proton's Fluctuating Waistline    [PDF]

Christopher E Coleman-Smith, Berndt Müller
We discuss a mechanism for the apparently universal scaling in the high-multiplicity tail of charged particle distributions for high energy nuclear collisions. We argue that this scaling behavior originates from rare fluctuations of the nucleon density. We discuss a pair of simple models of proton shape fluctuations. A "fat" proton with a size of 3 fm occurs with observable frequency. In light of this result, collective flow behavior in the ensuing nuclear interaction seems feasible. We discuss the influence of these models on the large $x$ structure of the proton and the likely influences on the distribution of initial state spatial eccentricities $\epsilon_{n}$.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1307.5911