Monday, July 29, 2013

1307.7097 (M. Elnimr et al.)

The OscSNS White Paper    [PDF]

M. Elnimr, I. Stancu, M. Yeh, R. Svoboda, M. J. Wetstein, F. G. Garcia, B. Osmanov, H. Ray, R. Tayloe, J. Boissevain, G. T. Garvey, W. Huelsnitz, W. C. Louis, G. B. Mills, Z. Pavlovic, R. Van de Water, D. H. White, R. Imlay, B. P. Roe, R. Allen, Y. Efremenko, T. Gabriel, T. Handler, Y. Kamyshkov, F. T. Avignone, S. R. Mishra, C. Rosenfeld, J. M. Link
There exists a need to address and resolve the growing evidence for short-baseline neutrino oscillations and the possible existence of sterile neutrinos. Such non-standard particles require a mass of $\sim 1$ eV/c$^2$, far above the mass scale associated with active neutrinos, and were first invoked to explain the LSND $\bar \nu_\mu \rightarrow \bar \nu_e$ appearance signal. More recently, the MiniBooNE experiment has reported a $2.8 \sigma$ excess of events in antineutrino mode consistent with neutrino oscillations and with the LSND antineutrino appearance signal. MiniBooNE also observed a $3.4 \sigma$ excess of events in their neutrino mode data. Lower than expected neutrino-induced event rates using calibrated radioactive sources and nuclear reactors can also be explained by the existence of sterile neutrinos. Fits to the world's neutrino and antineutrino data are consistent with sterile neutrinos at this $\sim 1$ eV/c$^2$ mass scale, although there is some tension between measurements from disappearance and appearance experiments. In addition to resolving this potential major extension of the Standard Model, the existence of sterile neutrinos will impact design and planning for all future neutrino experiments. It should be an extremely high priority to conclusively establish if such unexpected light sterile neutrinos exist. The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, built to usher in a new era in neutron research, provides a unique opportunity for US science to perform a definitive world-class search for sterile neutrinos.
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