Monday, July 29, 2013

1307.6862 (Wei-Chih Huang et al.)

Fermi Bubbles under Dark Matter Scrutiny. Part I: Astrophysical Analysis    [PDF]

Wei-Chih Huang, Alfredo Urbano, Wei Xue
The quest for Dark Matter signals in the gamma-ray sky is one of the most intriguing and exciting challenges in astrophysics. In this paper we perform the analysis of the energy spectrum of the \textit{Fermi bubbles} at different latitudes, making use of the gamma-ray data collected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope. By exploring various setups for the full-sky analysis we achieve stable results in all the analyzed latitudes. At high latitude, $|b|=20^{\circ}-50^{\circ}$, the \textit{Fermi bubbles} energy spectrum can be reproduced by gamma-ray photons generated by inverse Compton scattering processes, assuming the existence of a population of high-energy electrons. At low latitude, $|b|=10^{\circ}-20^{\circ}$, the presence of a bump at $E_{\gamma}\sim 1-4$ GeV, reveals the existence of an extra component compatible with Dark Matter annihilation. Our best-fit candidate corresponds to annihilation into $b\bar{b}$ with mass $M_{\rm DM}= 61.8^{+6.9}_{-4.9}$ GeV and cross section $<\sigma v> = 3.30^{+0.69}_{-0.49}\times 10^{-26}$ cm$^{3}$s$^{-1}$. In addition, using the energy spectrum of the \textit{Fermi bubbles}, we derive new conservative but stringent upper limits on the Dark Matter annihilation cross section.
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