Thursday, July 18, 2013

1307.4713 (J. D. Vergados et al.)

Theoretical direct WIMP detection rates for transitions to excited

J. D. Vergados, H. Ejiri, K. G. Savvidy
The recent WMAP and Planck data have confirmed that exotic dark matter together with the vacuum energy (cosmological constant) dominate in the flat Universe. Many extensions of the standard model provide dark matter candidates, in particular Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs). %Supersymmetry provides a natural dark matter candidate, the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP). Thus the direct dark matter detection is central to particle physics and cosmology. Most of the research on this issue has hitherto focused on the detection of the recoiling nucleus. In this paper we study transitions to the excited states, possible in some nuclei, which have sufficiently low lying excited states. Good examples are the first excited states of I-127 and Xe-129. %focusing on the first excited state at 50 keV of Iodine A=127. We find appreciable branching ratios for the inelastic scattering mediated by the spin cross sections. %find that the transition rate to this excited state is about 5 %percent of the transition to the ground state for low mass WIMPS, but the branching ratio can be much larger in the case pf heaver WIMPS. So, in principle, the extra signature of the gamma ray following the de-excitation of these states can, in principle, be exploited experimentally.
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